Platinum Cancer Drugs

Cisplatin

Other generic names:
Forumla:
Cisplatinum, cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) H6Cl2N2Pt
Trade names
Platinol and Platinol-AQ
Class (action)
Class (chemical)
Alklating Agent Platinum
Administration
Intravenous
Notes
The “penicillin of cancer”. First used in the 1970s. One of the most widely used chemotherapy drugs.

Carboplatin

Other generic names:
Forumla:
cis-Diammine(1,1-cyclobutanedicarboxylato)platinum(II) C6H12N2O4Pt
Trade names
Paraplatin and Paraplatin-AQ
Class (action)
Class (chemical)
Alklating Agent Platinum
Administration
Intravenous
Notes
The second generation of platinum cancer drugs.  Designed to have less severe side effects.  Used for many of the same cancers and in similar regimens to cisplatin

Oxaliplatin

Other generic names:
Forumla:
[(1R,2R)-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine](ethanedioato-O,O’)platinum(II) C8H14N2O4Pt
Trade names
Eloxatin
Class (action)
Class (chemical)
Alklating Agent Platinum
Administration
Intravenous
Notes
A third generation platinum chemotherapy agent.  Sometimes considered second generation. Used for many of the same cancers and in similar regimens to cisplatin.